Friday, October 06, 2023

EMS Pharmacology - Oxygen

EMS Providers (e.g., EMRs, EMTs, AEMTs, EMT-Is, and Paramedics) should have a thorough understanding of oxygen administration.

Here are some key points they should know:

1. Indications: Oxygen administration is used to treat patients who are experiencing hypoxia (low oxygen levels) or respiratory distress. It is commonly used for conditions such as respiratory failure, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and cardiac arrest.

2. Delivery Methods: EMS providers should be familiar with various delivery methods for oxygen, including nasal cannula, face mask, non-rebreather mask, and bag-valve-mask (BVM) ventilation. Each method has its own flow rates and indications based on the patient's condition and severity.

3. Flow Rates: EMS providers need to understand the appropriate flow rates of oxygen based on the patient's needs. Flow rates are typically measured in liters per minute (LPM) and can range from 1 to 15 LPM, depending on the delivery method and the patient's condition.

4. Monitoring: EMS providers should continuously monitor the patient's oxygen saturation levels using a pulse oximeter. This helps assess the effectiveness of oxygen therapy and ensures the patient is receiving adequate oxygenation.

5. Safety Precautions: EMS providers should follow safety precautions while handling and administering oxygen. This includes avoiding open flames or sparks in the vicinity, ensuring proper ventilation in enclosed spaces, and being cautious of oxygen toxicity risks with prolonged high-flow oxygen administration.

6. Documentation: EMS providers should document the administration of oxygen, including the delivery method, flow rates, and the patient's response to therapy. Accurate documentation is important for continuity of care and future reference.

Remember, EMS providers should always adhere to their local protocols and receive proper training on oxygen administration to ensure safe and effective use in emergency situations. 

#OxygenAdministration #EMR #EMT #AEMT #Paramedic #EMS #Pharmacology #PreHospitalCare #COPD #Documentation

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